Joint Ionosonde Studies of F2 Layer Critical Frequency Variations in the Ionosphere over Kharkiv and Tromsø during Fall Equinox in Quiet and Disturbed Conditions
Keywords:ionosphere, ionosonde observations, magnetic disturbances, variations in the critical frequency of the F2 layer of the ionosphere, differences in variations in middle and high latitudes, ionospheric F2 layer
According to the results of joint ionosonde studies of variations in the ionospheric F2 layer critical frequency over Kharkiv and Tromsø during low solar activity for fall equinox on September 22 – 24, 2020, the features of foF2 variations in middle and low latitudes were investigated for magnetically quiet and magnetically disturbed conditions. On the magnetically quiet day of September 22, 2020, the foF2 values over Kharkiv were found to exceed the foF2 values over Tromsø for the entire time interval of joint observations 02:45 - 16:45 UT. Both over Tromsø and over Kharkiv, a rapid increase in foF2 to its local maximum value was observed after the sunrise. Quasi-periodic variations in foF2 were revealed at high latitudes, which had lower amplitude compared to variations in foF2 over Kharkiv. Over both measuring sites, a pre-sunset local maximum in foF2 was observed. During magnetically disturbed conditions over Tromsø and Kharkiv, quasi-periodic fluctuations in foF2 were observed after the sunrise. Oscillations over Tromsø had lower amplitude than over Kharkiv, and were almost completely suppressed after the onset of a strong magnetic disturbance at high latitudes on September 23, 2020. The foF2 values over Tromsø exceeded its values over Kharkiv in a time interval of 10:45 – 12:15 UT. Comparison of the time variation of foF2 over Tromso on a magnetically quiet day, September 22, 2020, and on a magnetically disturbed day, September 23, 2020, showed that the foF2 value for September 23, 2020 from 10:15 to 15:00 UT exceeded the foF2 values for the same period on September 22, 2020. Comparison of the temporal variations in foF2 over Kharkiv on a magnetically quiet day, September 22, 2020, and on a magnetically disturbed day, September 24, 2020, showed that the foF2 value for September 24, 2020 exceeded its value for September 22, 2020 from 03:00 to 04:45 UT and from 07:00 to 13:00 UT. Magnetic disturbances were found to cause a rapid increase in foF2 values both over Kharkiv and Tromsø, which exceeded foF2 values under magnetically quiet conditions, and also led to a significant increase in the relative amplitudes of traveling ionospheric disturbances over Kharkiv.
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