Development of the Analysis Procedure of the Efficiency of Methods for Digital Filtering of the Incoherent Scatter Signal
Keywords:software-algorithmic procedures, modeling of the incoherent scatter signal, frequency, phase and correlation characteristics of the signal, digital filtering methods
The article considers the methodological features of creating procedures that help in the implementation of effective methods of recognition and suppression in the input signal, which are recorded by the incoherent scatter radar, noise and impulse interference. It is known that the frequency band of the input signal depends on the observation period of the ionosphere, as well as on its height above the Earth’s surface. Therefore, approaches to using analog filters with time-controlled characteristics in a radar receiver are being practiced. These filters, however, require a priori information about of the ionosphere state. At the present time, it is possible to obtain digital samples of a signal with a very small sampling step (tens of thousands of samples during a radar range sweep) using high-speed analog-to-digital conversion. It is also possible to record these readings in the computer memory relative to each sweep. This gives the prospect, based on the results of the experiment, to carry out auxiliary adaptive digital filtering of the obtained data. In this case, filter properties are selected for each altitude range in order to obtain the maximum possible signal-to-noise ratio. In order to introduce high-quality digital filtering methods, this development is aimed at creating a special software-algorithmic procedure, which allows you to control the effectiveness of the proposed filtration methods. The essence of this procedure is that according to the amplitude-frequency and phase-frequency spectra set by the researcher, the corresponding model of the scattering signal is synthesized and its autocorrelation function is calculated. These characteristics in the following steps as reference are used for comparison with similar characteristics, but obtained from the distorted scattering signal. The experimenter has the ability to apply noise and impulse interference to the scattered signal and to test the digital filtering method he proposed. All these steps in software implementation are accompanied by a clear graphical visualization of the results obtained.
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